Dan Paluska

Record Keeping, Restaurants, and ‘Roids

Banks keep records of every transaction.
Courtrooms keep records of every case.
Sports games are all recorded and statistics published.
News live from the street.
Libraries, academic lectures, music bootlegs and live recordings, etc.
The carvings on an old desk keep some record of those who worked in that spot.

record keepin doodle, click for source code

So now we also keep records through mobile phone transactions, credit cards, twitter, youtube, version control systems, github, server log files, browser histories, and so much more. Are most of our recent records written from private spaces or private devices?

Courtrooms, sports games, on location news, and rock concerts are notable for their group witness to recording. We can trust media more if we have been part of the audience in a similar situation before?
And how about in our day to day lives, do we trust someone from far away with a mobile phone more than someone close without one?
It’s especially interesting in a dense city how many people you walk by each day and don’t talk to. Do you generally need some sort of third party technical reference to trust them? In a village you know (and trust?) your neighbors but in a city, you need a third party institution to regulate trust?

Is there a small service enterprise like a restaurant, barber shop, or bodega, but instead of serving you food or giving you a haircut, it delivers/collects info from you? And this would build trust and collaboration from bottom up as opposed to coming from the top down like current government or corporate trust systems? By putting collected info into the public domain, you are creating a lake instead of a warehouse full of inventory? And this would be a symmetric shared resource, more liquid than exoskeletal?

How would public record keeping change the dynamic between large product driven companies and small service businesses? Could a public history file for a small farm (local food) or a tailor(custom clothes) or any small service professional counteract the advertising dollars (tv, movies, billboards) of large corporate chains with packaged products?

And what do steroids have to do with any of this? What incentives do you create when you start keeping records? If certain transactions are worth big gains (like home runs), then how far will people go to ‘cheat’ the system in order to get that particular spot?
So if you want to avoid steroids and other abuses, what properties do you want your record keeping system to have?

Thoughts on total openness of information

Total information openness. No private information.

Can you imagine living life without having any private information? No private bank statements, no private files on your computer, etc. So I understand this is a pretty large leap from the world we are currently living in. Fair enough. So why would you even ask such questions?

Ok. Let’s take a slightly different path. Do you trust the government? Do you trust the large banks? Do you trust Facebook? Do you trust Google? All these entities currently hold some of your private information. These entities have all proven to be fallible. So, given that these entities are fallible, are there other options? Don’t pay taxes and keep your money under the bed is one.

What if all your private information was public? Just the information, not the control. This means your bank statements are public but not the bank password for transfering funds. Is it possible that your information is better off in the hands of the general public than it is in the hands of these large fallible institutions? If everyone has your information, does that make it less prone to theft? Do enough people care to make it repair itself, the way wikipedia repairs itself? Does society function better if we actually know the truth about each other?

How could you do this? What are the small steps one could take to build up to total openness? What would be the name for such an experiment? I think one minute per day is a small step in this direction.

So, any of your data that you consider to be “yours” and not shared with another person. This is the information you attempt to place into the public domain. You don’t do this by picking and choosing, you do it by including all the boring details.

So who can use your information to do wrong? If all the bad people have your info, will you have your identity stolen? But if everyone already knows your info, how can it be “stolen”?

The Big Assumption: Enough people are interesting in seeing your experiment succeed that the positive effects outweigh the negative effects.

Of course you need a catchy name if you’re going to do this thing. What is that catchy name? Some sort of acronym?
TOI – total open information (toi toi toi is something like ‘good luck/break a leg’ in dutch)
NPI – no private information
API – all public information
PIT – Public Information Trust.
TIP – Trust information public

to be continued…






The World Question Center and Intellectual Property
January 7, 2009, 1:18 pm
Filed under: art, information, opensource | Tags: , , , , , , , , ,

The world question center is an annual event where edge.org asks most of its authors and affiliate scientists and artists to answer a “big” question. This year’s question is “What will change everything?” and specifically, “What scientific discovery will change everything?”

All the answers are short (1000 word cap) and free of hyperlinks. I decided to take the question and the format to heart. Here is my personal take on the matter. (Thanks to eva, jeff and eric for feedback.)

Is Intellectual Property a Market Inefficiency?

Someday we’ll prove it. Intellectual property is a market inefficiency and it slows us down. We continue to treat information like a physical resource that has limits. It’s not. So can we get over information ownership? No patents. No copyrights. No non-compete contracts. No licensing. No infringement. No legal wrangling over information of any sort. The cost for anyone to replicate and distribute information is essentially zero. No value is lost. It’s not land. It’s not gold. You can’t eat it. Squatting over information is rude. Squatting protected by our governments is even worse. Wikipedia, Linux and plenty of other online projects are flourishing without hoarding of information. Can the rest of businesses in the service, media, and physical product world follow suit? Absolutely.

What would happen if the music and software industries took all their IP protection energy, money, and creativity and used it to better serve customers? Could they give away all their intellectual property and stay profitable?

Many are well on their way already. Small businesses, hackers, artists, makers, scientists, and innovative teachers have been sharing for a long time. When all follow, the benefits to education, the economy, the environment, food, and healthcare will all be significant. Elimination of IP creates a long term and local mindset. Ideas will cease to be king and we’ll openly admit what we already know, “the current best thing is going to be replaced by something better.”

No intellectual property means a better database of our successes and failures, a better feedback loop for learning. Every customer adds input, every company makes refinements. All the information is public. The current focus on ideas, patents, copyrights and “final” products distorts the true goals of problem solving. Companies spend their time “selling” objects and ideas to customers rather than collaborating with them. We will reward companies on their ability to process information rather than their ability to horde it.

In theory, a flatter world is better and we appreciate the steps the web has taken us in that direction. But so many of our long cherished views about ownership run counter to this goal. Old models are flawed. Currently customers and businesses worship the product but we want both to take part in the process of improvement.

Let’s think about what might happen if we get there. Physical resources will always cost money and making great products will always take time. Those who deliver value through goods and services will still be compensated. We already do so in long standing industries where patents and copyrights aren’t as important: guitars, bikes, cars, and restaurants for example. In these and other fields, good products bubble to the top without IP protection. For the more IP heavy research or culture based industries, we would likely see a division between research and production. Large research efforts would be taken on by a collaboration between local independent and academic labs, like the current science and arts establishment. Local and international fabrication companies will use this research and the demands of their markets to create products. The process of improvement will become as important as the products. The focus of the economy will shift from product to process.

With no IP, there will be less reason to have a big company to hold all the secrets. Local production and service companies are likely to become more important than the global multinationals. Small businesses will tap into the wealth of knowledge from others around the globe engaged in similar activities. A loose network will replace the massive monoliths that so frequently fail us in spectacular fashion (after their many years of dominance.)

Is this crazy? If you can’t control your branding and you can’t prevent copies, will the truly good products bubble to the top? Will no-name ripoffs take the place of our cherished brands? If there is no chance of a patent, copyright, or a get rich quick market hit, will the innovators continue to innovate? Where will the research money for drug discovery come from? Can the removal of intellectual property lead to a sane market that is less prone to abusive behavior or will it make it worse?

Let’s step back for a moment. In parallel to the development of the free information distribution miracle that is the web, we’ve also come to better understand the inherent randomness and preferential attachment that is a fundamental part of our highly complex and networked society. We know that success in both scientific discoveries and cultural phenomena is largely random. Once you achieve a certain level of proficiency, being in the right place at the right time makes all the difference. Those who rise to the top are certainly talented and hard working but they also have luck. And once they get to the top, the system usually allows them to stay there for no cost until the crash comes and wipes them away. So everyone is working like crazy to get the hit, and then they can have the good life. We glorify the ones who make it and forget about the many many more who don’t. But when it is as random as we now know, couldn’t there be a better way to structure the rewards? Could we think more about the general process of improvement rather than products? Could alternate incentives lead to less consolidation of wealth and more overall innovation and human satisfaction? Talented and hard working individuals will still rise above, but not as far and it won’t be so capricious. Great products will still reach the market but they will be more flexible and sustainable.

Information is now free and it’s not going back. The sooner we quantify the advantages, the better off we will be. With no intellectual property we can stop focusing on the output (the product) and start directing our attention to the feedback loop (the process). We can remake the economy into a flexible, evolving, collaborative entity.